Strategic human resource management
This factsheet was last updated in February 2015.
What is strategic human resource management?
Strategic human resource management (strategic HRM, or SHRM) may be regarded as an approach to the management of human resources that provides a strategic framework to support long-term business goals and outcomes. The approach focuses on longer-term people issues and macro-concerns about structure, quality, culture, values, commitment and matching resources to future need. It is necessarily dependent on the evolving nature of work itself: our Megatrends research explores some of these recent key trends.
This interpretation of strategic HRM is followed in Strategic HRM: the key to improved business performance which includes comprehensive coverage of the various definitions and approaches to HRM, strategy and strategic HRM. It states that strategic human resource management is a complex process that is constantly evolving and the subject of ongoing discussion by academics and other commentators. Its definition and relationships with other aspects of business planning and strategy are not absolute and opinions vary.
The issue of strategic HRM initially came to prominence during around the early 1990s, at which time academics developed definitions of strategic HRM as:
- The undertaking of all those activities affecting the behaviour of individuals in their efforts to formulate and implement the strategic needs of business.
- The pattern of planned human resource deployments and activities intended to enable the organisation to achieve its goals.
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- What is strategic human resource management?
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- CIPD viewpoint
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