In the UK most employment law is categorised as 'civil law' or 'private law', meaning that it is enforced as a result of one party (the claimant) suing another (the respondent) either for compensation or some other remedy in a civil court. The claimant, who is normally a former employee or worker, an existing employee or worker, or a failed job applicant, therefore uses the court system to allege that the respondent (their employer or former employer) has:
- caused them some kind of detriment, and
- has done so in contravention of the law.
The members-only factsheet explains the key principles according to which the civil court system operates when handling employment cases.