To be a 'fair' dismissal, an employer must show that it was due to one of five specific reasons. The employer must also have acted fairly and reasonably in carrying out the dismissal. More positive approaches, such as coaching and counselling, may help in some cases relating to conduct or performance, and should be considered before resorting to dismissal.
This factsheet explains the difference between wrongful, unfair and constructive dismissal. Concentrating on unfair dismissal, it sets out the five reasons, the importance of following a fair procedure and what this could entail. It looks at which employees qualify to claim unfair dismissal and considers the possible compensation employers could face.