Equal pay is the right for men and women to be paid the same for the same or equivalent work. It has been an aspect of UK sex discrimination law for over 40 years with the law now incorporated into the Equality Act 2010. However, despite this, and initiatives encouraging the disclosure of gender pay gaps, a significant pay difference between male and female employees still exists.

This factsheet offers a broad outline of the law looking at the role of 'comparators'; how equal pay claims are dealt with by employment tribunals; and the employer's right to a ‘material factor’ defence. It suggests good employment practices and considers the reporting of gender pay gaps; large employers will in future be required by law to gather and publish data on gender pay information. It also looks at pay secrecy clauses and equal pay audits.

CIPD viewpoint

What is equal pay?

The legal position

Equal pay claims

Good employment practices and reporting


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