Equal pay is the right for men and women to be paid the same when doing the same, or equivalent, work. It has been an aspect of UK sex discrimination law for over 40 years, and the law is now incorporated into the Equality Act 2010. However, a significant pay difference between male and female employees still exists.

This factsheet offers a broad outline of equal pay law looking at the role of 'comparators', how claims are dealt with by employment tribunals and the employer's right to a ‘material factor’ defence. It also looks at the gender pay gap and the reporting requirements being introduced in the UK. Finally it suggests good employment practices.

CIPD viewpoint

What is equal pay?

The legal position on equal pay

Equal pay claims

What is gender pay gap reporting?

Good employment practices

Useful contacts and further reading

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