This form of discrimination, illegal in the UK since 1976, arises when someone is unfairly disadvantaged for reasons related to their race which, for the purposes of the Equality Act 2010, includes colour, nationality and ethnic or national origins. Caste may also be specifically included in future. To change attitudes, organisations should promote an open culture of respect and dignity for all employees, and value difference.

This factsheet offers an overview of the different types of discrimination, with examples of how these apply to race discrimination. It suggests good employment practices, covering managing equality and diversity issues, encouraging personal commitment, addressing any incidents of harassment or bullying, and reviewing all policies and procedures - such as recruitment and selection, performance management and development - to ensure they are fair.

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