Sex discrimination occurs when someone is unfairly disadvantaged for reasons relating to their gender. Although illegal in the UK for many years, with the law now being incorporated into the Equality Act 2010, sex discrimination remains an issue. The number of women in senior roles is a key challenge for organisations, and discrimination against women on pregnancy or maternity grounds appears to be increasing. Protection against discrimination on the grounds of gender reassignment is also part of the Equality Act.

This factsheet offers an overview of the different types of discrimination with examples of how these apply to sex discrimination. It looks at the specific issues faced by women and those who are transgender. The factsheets suggests good employment practices, covering recruitment and selection, performance management and development, dress codes, the importance of communication and training, and advises employers to review all policies and procedures to ensure they are fair.

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