Overview

The main regulations are:

These implement the provisions of the EC Working Time Directive (WTD). The Working Time Regulations (WTR) have been subsequently amended or supplemented on an almost annual basis by domestic regulations. A full list of the legislation affecting working time is given at the end of these Q&As.

The WTR have been subsequently amended or supplemented on an almost annual basis by domestic regulations:

  • The Working Time Regulations 1999 (SI 1999/3372)
  • The Working Time (Amendment) Regulations 2001 (SI 2001/3256)
  • The Working Time (Amendment) Regulations 2002 (SI 2002/3128)
  • The Working Time (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/1684)
  • The Working Time (Amendment) Regulations 2006 (SI 2006/99)
  • The Civil Aviation (Working Time) Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/756)*
  • The Merchant Shipping (Hours of Work) Regulations 2002 (SI 2002/2125)*
  • The Merchant Shipping (Working Time: Inland Waterways) Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/3049)* (amending the Merchant Shipping Act 1995*)
  • The Road Transport (Working Time) Regulations 2005 (SI 2005/639)*
  • The Work and Families Act 2006 (for example, section 13)
  • The Road Transport (Working Time) (Amendment) Regulations 2007 (SI 2007/853)
  • The Working Time (Amendment) Regulations 2009 (SI 2009/1567)
  • The Working Time (Amendment) (No 2) Regulations 2009 (SI 2009/2766)
  • The Civil Aviation (Working Time) (Amendment) Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/1226
  • The Deduction from Wages (Limitation) Regulations 2014 (SI 2014/3322).

The original EC Working Time Directive has been supplemented by further EC Directives:

  • part of the Young Workers Directive (994/33/EC)
  • Horizontal Amending Directive (2000/34/EC)
  • Working Time Consolidation Directive (2003/88/EC)
  • EC Drivers’ Hours Regulation 1985 (3820/85/EC)
  • The Road Transport Directive (2002/15/EC)*
  • The Aviation Directive (2000/79/EC)*
  • The Seafarers’ Directive (1999/63/EC)*
  • The Seafarers’ Enforcement Directive (1999/95/EC)*
  • EC Drivers’ Hours Rules, Regulation (3820/95/EC).*

*Specific to certain previously excluded sectors, and not applicable to all employers.

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