In a Nutshell: Issue 72   


A divided top management team can have a significant impact on the way middle managers carry out their own role. This study explains how different leader characteristics affect managers’ job satisfaction levels, and how these relationships can affect levels of turnover and organisational climate.

Reviewed by:

Melanie Green, Research Adviser

Melanie joined the CIPD in 2017, specialising in learning & development and skills research. Prior to the CIPD, Mel worked as an HR practitioner in a technology organisation, working on a variety of learning and development initiatives, and has previously worked as a researcher in an employee engagement and well-being consultancy. 

Melanie holds a master’s degree in Occupational Psychology from University of Surrey, where she conducted research into work–life boundary styles and the effect of this on employee well-being and engagement.

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