An approach to managing human resources, strategic human resource management supports long-term business goals and outcomes with a strategic overall framework. It focuses on longer-term resourcing issues within the context of an organisation's goals and the evolving nature of work, and informs other HR strategies, such as reward or performance, determining how they are integrated into the overall business strategy.

This factsheet looks at how the concept of strategic human resource management has developed since the early 1990s and makes a distinction between strategy and strategic planning. It then looks at strategic human resource management in relation to business strategy, human capital management and business performance.

CIPD viewpoint

What is strategic human resource management?

Strategic HRM and business strategy

Strategic HRM and human capital management

Strategic HRM and business performance


Further reading

This factsheet was last updated by CIPD staff.

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